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L3, pharynx and Oesophagus, Anatomy

 Lecture Video

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Mcq

Pharynx

1 -All muscles of pharynx are supplied by pharyngeal branch of vagus except:

 1-stylopharyngeus

2-palatopharyngeus

3-salpingeopharyngeus

4-costrictors


2-All of the following statements concerning the palatine tonsil are true except:

a-It is bounded by the palatoglossal and palatopharyngeal folds

b-It receives sensory Innervation from the glossopharyngeal nerve

 c-It receives blood from branches of the facial artery

d-It is located on each side of the oropharynx 

e-It is called the adenoid when enlarged


3- The palatine tonsil lies between:

a-Palatoglossus and styloglossus

 b Palatoglossus and stylopharyngeus

c-Palatoglossus and palatopharyngeus 

d Styloglossus and stylopharyngeus

e-Styloglossus and stylohyoid


4-The palatine tonsil is related anteriorly:

a-Uvula

b- Palatopharyngeal fold

c-Palatoglossal fold

d-Salpingeopharyngeal


5-The palatine tonsil is related anteriorly :


a-Uvula

b- Palatopharyngeal fold 

c-Palatoglossal fold

d-Salpingeopharyngeal fold 

e- Posterior 1/3 of the tongue


-6The middle constrictor of pharynx arises from:

  1. Ptrygomandibular ligament

 b- Posterior end of mylohyoid line

c- Cricoid cartilage

d-Thyroid cartilage

e-Hyoid bone


7-Foreign body entering the pharynx may become lodged in which of the following areas:

a-Pharyngeal recess

b-Tonsillar fossa

c-Retropharyngeal space

d-Piriformis fossa

e-Oropharyngeal isthmus


8-The oropharyngeal isthmus is bounded by the followings except:

 a-Palatoglossal fold

b- Hard palate

c-Soft palate

d-Dorsum of the tongue


9-The pharyngeal isthmus is closed by:

a-Palatoglossus muscle

 b-Palatopharyngeus muscle

c-Stylopharyngeus muscle

d-Levator palate muscle

 e-Salpingeopharyngeus


10-The posterior wall of oropharynx lies opposite :

a-occipital bone and atlas

 b-1st & 2nd cervical vertebrae

c-2nd & 3rd cervical vertebrae

d-3rd &4th cervical vertebrae

 e-4th &5th cervical vertebrae


11-The laryngeopharynx is supplied by: 

a Recurrent laryngeal nerve

b-Internal laryngeal nerve

C-External laryngeal nerve 

d-Glossopharyngeal nerve

e-Pharyngeal branch of pterygopalatine ganglion


12- Swallowing depends on all of the following nerves except:

a-Hypoglossal nerve 

b-Spinal accessory nerve

C-Vagus nerve

d-Facial nerve 

e-Trigeminal nerve




Answers 

A

E

C

C

E

D

B

D

C

B

B





Oesophagus


1.Constriction at 12 inches from incisors is due to…..

   a-Diaphragmatic opening 

   b-Aortic arch

  c-Lt bronchus

  d-It’s opening 


.2Abdominal Oesophagus rests on all of the following except…

  a-Lt crus if diaphragm 

  b-Abdominal aorta

  c-Lt greater splanchnic nerve

  d-Lt inf phrenic vessel 


3……….is related to the left 

  a-Lt subclavian art

  b-Lt common carotid art

  c-hemiazygos veins 

  d- Lt atrium 


4.Abdominal oesophagus is supplied by….

  a-Descending thoracic aorta

  b-Caeliac trunk

  c-Inf thyroid art

  d-Splenic art


5.The venous drainage of oesophagus is through all of the following except….

  a- Innominate veins

  b-Azygos vein

  c-Short gastric veins

  d-Internal jugular vein


6.Termination of oesophagus is at…..

  a-T10

  b-T12

  c-L11

  d-T11




Answers 

C

B

A

B

D

D


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