recent
Recent

Tut 1&2 _ Arterial supply and venous drainage of GIT _ Anatomy

  

Tut1 lecture video 

Arterial supply of GIT 

Tut1 Data

Tut2 lecture video

  Venous drainage of GIT 


Tut2 Data

Feedback

MCQ 

1 -The caeliac trunk supplies the following structures except
a- 1st part of the duodenum
b- 3 part of the duodenum
c- Gall bladder
d- Spleen
e- Stomach


2- Concerning the caeliac trunk one statement is
a- It is the artery of foregut
b- It lies below the medial arcuate ligament
c- It is placed behind the lesser sac
d- Omental tuberosity of pancreas lies below. it
e- It is separated from lesser omentum by lesser sac


3-Which of the following structures lies on the subcostal plane
a-Coeliac trunk
b-Superior mesenteric artery
c-Inferior mesenteric artery
d-Neck of pancreas
e Beginning of portal vein
2
4-Concerning the splenic artery, one statement
a- supplies the pancreas
b- gives the right pastrosplenic artery
c- Gives the short gastric artery
d- Forms part of the stomach bed
e-Runs behind the lesser sac


5-The branches of splenicartery are except
a- Short gastric arteries
b- Right gastroepiploic artery
c- Pancreatic branches
d- Splenic branches
e- Left gastroepiploid artery


6 -Concerning the hepatic artery, one statement is wrong:
a- It is the medium-sized branch
b- At its beginning, it lies behind the lesser sac
c- it runs forwards and to the right on the right crus of diaphragm
d- It runs in the right free margin of lesser omentum
e- It is placed on the right side of common bile duct


7 -Concerning the gastroduodenal artery,one statement is wrong
a- It is a large branch and short from hepatic artery
b- It is accompanied by gastroduodenal vein
c- It descends behind the 1" part of duodenum
d- It is placed on the left side of common bile duct
e- One of Its branches supplies upper part of head of pancreas






8- The gastroduodenal artery supplies the following structures except
a-Upper portion of pyloric part of the stomach
b-Greater amentum
c-Upper half of 2nd part of duodenum
d-Upper part of head of pancreas
e-Lower part of common bile duct


9 -The cystic artery is usually a branch of the
a- Right hepatic artery
b- Left hepatic artery
c- Common hepatic artery
d- Right gastric artery
e- Gastroduodenal artery


10- The cystic artery supplies the following structures except:
a-Gall bladder and its duct
b-Bile canaliculi
c-Hepatic ducts
d-Common hepatic ducts
e-Upper part of common bile duct


11-The superior mesenteric artery supplies the following except:
a- Jejunum
b- lleum
c-Coecum
d-right colic flexure
e left colic flexure


12-The superior mesenteric artery,one statement is correct:
a- lies to the right of the superior mesenteric vein
b-begins at the level of the 3rd lumbar vertebra
c-Supplies the distal half of the duodenum
d-passes behind the 3rd part of the duodenum
e- is the artery of hind gut


13- The superior mesenteric artery usually arises at the level of
a- 11 thoracic vertebra
b- 12th thoracic vertebra
c- 1" lumbar vertebra
d- 2nd lumbar vertebra
e- 3rd lumbar vertebra


14-The site of anastomosis between the branches caeliac trunk and superior
mesenteric artery is
a- At pyloro-duodenal junction
b- At the middle of 2nd part of duodenum
c- At the middle of 3rd part of duodenum
d. At the duodeno-jejunal junction
e- At iliocaecal junction


15-The inferior mesenteric artery crosses the following structures except
a- Abdominal aorta
b- Left sympathetic chain
c- Left psoas major muscle
d-Left ureter
e-Left common iliac artery


16-Inferior mesenteric artery, all the followings are true except:
a- It originates from abdominal aorta at the level of 3d lumbar vertebra
b- It gives left colic and sigmoid arteries
c- It supplies the left colic flexure
d- It is the artery of midgut
e- It starts behind the 3rd part of duodenum


17-The left colic artery:
a- Arises from the superior mesenteric artery
b- Arises from the abdominal aorta
c- Supplies the hepatic flexure
d- Anastomosis with the right colic artery
e- Supplies the descending colon


18-The site of anastomosis between the branches of superior mesenteric artery and inferior mesenteric artery is:
a- At the duodeno-jejunal junction
b- illiocaecal junction
c- At the right colic flexure
d- At the junction between the right 1/3 and left 2/3 of transverse colon
e- at the junction between the right 2/3 and left 1/3 of transverse colon
Portal System


19 -Regarding the portal vein, one is incorrect:
a- Formed by the union of the splenic and superior mesenteric veins
b- Lies posterior to the hepatic artery
c- Lies posterior to the bile duct
d- Lies posterior to the 1st part of the duodenum
e- Runs upward behind the epiploic foramen


20-The following veins end into the portal circulation except
a-Right gastric vein
b-Splenic vein
c-Superior mesenteric vein
d-inferior mesenteric vein
e-Hepatic veins


21-Inferior mesenteric vein drains into:
a- Portal vein
b- Inferior vena cava
c- Splenic vein
d- Left renal vein
e- Right renal vein


22-In portal hypertension, the veins dilate at the portosystemic anastomosis to
produce
a- Caput medusa
b- Haemorrhoids
D- esophageal varices
d- All of the above
e- b+c


23-Concerning the portal vein, one statement is wrong:
a- It is formed behind the neck of pancreas
b- It ascends behind the 1" part of duodenum
c. It is separated from I.V.C. by epiploic foramen
d- It passes in the free margin of lesser omentum
e. Its right branch receives paraumbilical vein


24-The following structures drain through the portal system except:
a Sigmoid colon
b- Greater omentum
c- Suprarenal glands
d- Duodenum
e- Spleen


25-Which of the following organs is drained by the portal system :
a- Kidneys
b- Ureters
c- Suprarenal glands
d- Liver
e- Appendix


26-The portal vein is separated from the I.V.C. by :
a- Epiploic foramen
b- Caudate process
c- 1 part of duodenum
d- All of the above
e- a+b


27-Which of the following sites has portosystemic anastomosis:
a- Upper end of aesophagus
b- Lower end of anal canal
c- Around the umbilicus
d- Behind the transverse colon
e- All of the above


28-The followings are the sites of portosystemic anastomosis except
a- Lower end of oesophagus
b- Middle part of anal canal
c- Around the umbilicus
d- Behind the transverse colon
e- Behind ascending and descending colons

Answers 

1-b
2-b
3-c
4-b
5-b
6-e
7-b
8-a
9-a
10-b
11-e
12-c
13-c
14-b
15-d
16-d
17-e
18-e
19-e
20-e
21-c
22-d
23-e
24-c
25-e
26-e
27-c
28-d


























google-playkhamsatmostaqltradent